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Istria

Istria is geographically defined as the peninsula, whose northern border toward the Mainland makes the line between Miljski Bay (Muggia) near Trieste and the northernmost point of the preluka, Northwest of the river.
Southernmost point, the tip of the peninsula, makes the Cape Kamenjak Southeast of Pula. The Istrian peninsula is the largest and the most important oblikjadranske coastal segmentation. Gravity centres West and East of Istria, created a variety of political, economic and cultural forces on the Istrian soil for centuries, so it is the interpretation of the historical flows and culture significantly more complex than the simple geographic definitions. Even the structure of morphologically different geographical units on Istrian soil contributes to the complexity of interpretations of Istria as the uniquness of the geographical idea.
Istria is separated from the Mainland by the limestone mountains and mountainous Highlands of tršćanskoga Crassus, Ćićarija and učka mountain. I’m a space of the peninsula can be divided into three geomorphological areas completely different.


The hilly North and North-East edge of the peninsula, due to the scarce of plant cover and the bare and bright karst area we call White Istria. Part of it, that makes the Učka mountain, steeply descends towards the sea, so is a coastal population of the eastern coast of the Istrian peninsula has always been turned towards the sea and Maritime Affairs, and in more recent times, and tourism.

Southwest of white Istria offers a space that is morphologically significantly richer. It is a hilly area intersected by river streams and valleys, rich in water and vegetation. Although the soil is not especially fertile, though for centuries developed the production of cereals, fruit growing, viticulture, and cultivated and large livestock. How that space is characterized by deciduous vegetation, there is in the winter months, the dominant colour grey, so from there, and the name of the grey Istria. Settlements were formed here since prehistoric times, on the hills and ridges, which are dominated by the valleys of the rivers or fields. On the basis of many prehistoric hill forts, castles, incurred are ancient, and later the medieval, fortified towns, and in this space and many villages have their own protective walls. Grey Istria is ugljena, so it is in the southeastern part, especially in the area of Raša and Labin, today shut down mining has had a long tradition.

The southern and Western coast of Istria is characterised by a wide belt of the plateau that gently descend towards the sea. The coast is well developed with many bays and deeper Bay, and the mouth of the NASS River. Apart from a series of smaller islands, in front of the coast from Porec and Rovinj in the South highlights the Brijuni archipelago. The whole area has preserved a covering an extremely Red Earth, what makes this region called Red Istria. The end is relatively densely populated, and along the coast of Western Istria were made and important cities, like Porec, Rovinj and Pula, in particular and a host of smaller cities, such as Umag, Novigrad, Vrsar, Medulin and Fažana.
istra-pulska arenaThe entire coastline is markedly today red Istria tourist area, one of the most important and the most developed tourist zones of the Republic of Croatia.

In the Interior of the Istrian mainland we encounter on predominantly hilly terrain, whose prominent hills are dominated by smaller picturesque towns. Cultivated landscape, cultivated land and the numerous vineyards, trees, Woods and water flows are an integral part of an extraordinary space which many are compared with Tuscany.

The most important cities and municipalities in the region of Istria, and also the places with the largest tourist offer are Pula, Pazin, Porec, Rovinj, Opatija, Umag, Novigrad, Labin, Buzet, Motovun and Medulin.

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