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Šibenik - oldest autochthonous Croatian town on the Adriatic

At the confluence of the Krka into the sea sunken mouth of the river creates large bay that communicates with the open sea deep, navigable channel. In this bay lies the city of Sibenik. Although in ancient times in this area was a settlement, Sibenik as a city was built in the Middle Ages. Sibenik was first mentioned in 1066 in a document which explicitly says that in it about Christmas that year enthroned Croatian King Petar Kresimir IV . Thus, Sibenik actually the youngest of all the Dalmatian towns and apparently founded by the Croatian kings, initially as a royal fortress.

Šibenik iz zraka

The old town center of Sibenik, except for a few truly valuable Gothic and Renaissance sacred objects, abounds in picturesque small markets

It is known that in 1105 he visited the Hungarian-Croatian king Koloman. in XIII. century under the protection of a mighty Croatian Subic princes Bribirskih. Since 1298 Sibenik is the seat of the bishop. From XV. century, as well as the entire area of Dalmatia, Sibenik was ruled Serene Republic until its fall in 1797. The historic town of Sibenik surrounded by walls has evolved from three urban core – the city occupies the central space around the cathedral and town hall and stretches all the way to the eastern part of the city walls. North developed Gorica, while the westernmost part – Dolac, developed around the oldest part of the port.

Only in the XIX. century, the city began to expand outside the city walls to eventually amphitheater surrounded the bay to the west, north and east sides, spreading in recent times and outside the perimeter of the natural spatial units.

The center of the historic city of Sibenik, was its main market, Plathea communis, today the Croatian Market. On it or directly around are situated the most important religious and secular buildings of Sibenik cathedral, city hall, city lodge and princes and the Bishop’s Palace. The surrounding areas meet numerous patrician palace of old Sibenik.

Sibenik’s Cathedral, the dedicated to the Apostle Jacob , the main buildings in the city and its true symbol. Was built in the thirties XV. st., and is fully completed only in the second half of the XVI. century. More generations of architects, sculptors and stonecutters have woven their best ideas and skills in crucial periods in which the Renaissance gradually replaced by Gothic.

Especially after his famous builders Julia Matthew Dalmatian and Nicholas of Florence and their daring solutions, the amazing, ready-made organic, intertwining of styles and above all the unique harmony of completed units, this building goes beyond not only the local community or region, but becoming an example of how and on the outskirts of culture in a stroke of luck and contact the talents of different generations can emerge masterpieces worthy of universal meaning. With such characteristics is entered and the UNESCO list of the world’s artistic heritage .

The old town center of Sibenik, except for a few truly valuable Gothic and Renaissance sacred objects, abounds in picturesque small squares, with almost organic structure of the street and numerous patrician palace with preserved portals, family crests and varied architectural decoration, as this area gives a special value.

Despite the destruction in World War II and the occasional architectural interpolation, the old Sibenik as a bit of a larger urban center on our coast has preserved original townscape value.

 

 

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